The Republic of Djibouti is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered by Eritrea in the north, Ethiopia in the west and south, and Somalia in the southeast. The remainder of the border is formed by the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden at the east. Djibouti occupies a total area of just 23,200 km2 (8,958 sq mi) with a population of over 942,333. It is a multi-ethnic country with the Somali Issa and Afar as the two largest ethnic groups. Both speak Afroasiatic languages, but Arabic and French are the official languages. Djibouti is strategically located near some of the world's busiest shipping lanes, controlling access to the Red Sea and Indian Ocean. It serves as a key refueling and transshipment center, and is the principal maritime port for imports from and exports to neighboring Ethiopia. A burgeoning commercial hub, the nation is the site of various foreign military bases, including the U.S. Camp Lemonnier.

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