The service has its origins in the Bechuanaland Mounted Police,which was formed on 1 July 1884. The Bechuanaland Border Police were formed on 4 Aug 1885. In October 1889 a royal charter established the British South Africa Company‘s Police, which absorbed part of the BBP. During the 1890s the various police forces in the area went through a number of name changes until BSAP No.1 (Bechuanaland) Division ceased to exist, becoming the Bechuanaland Protectorate Police. This force recruited few Bechuanaland natives, instead it mostly recruited black constables in Basutoland (modern Lesotho), Rhodesia (modern Zimbabwe) and Zambia.
In 1965 following the independence of Botswana the Botswana Police Force, was formed and in 1971 the first female police constables were recruited. In 1977 in a reversal of earlier policy and in response to growing threats to Botswana’s security, the Botswana Defence Force was formed. In 2009 the Botswana police force subsumed the Botswana local police to create the Botswana Police Service. The modern Botswana police service is an armed police service of 8500 officers including 2000 female officers..Botswana Police Service runs a police college near Otse village.